Cognitive value of coral reef ecosystems (South-Eastern Asia)can help you understand the value of


$1.2 per hectare per year

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TechniqueCost or income
This is the estimated value of the ecosystem service: Cognitive, subservice: Science / Research. This valuation is specific to South-Eastern Asia.
This valuation was extracted from The TEEB Valuation Database – a searchable database of 1310 estimates of monetary values of ecosystem services. Foundation for Sustainable Development, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Available at:
This valuation was calculated for Strait of Malacca, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, South-Eastern Asia. This valuation was calculated using the Direct market pricing method.
GEF/UNDP/IMO (1999) Total economic valuation: coastal and marine resources in the Straits of Malacca.

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